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Polygamie (altgriechisch polys „viel“, und gamos „Ehe“) oder Vielehigkeit bezeichnet bei Die meisten Polygamisten der USA wohnen unauffällig in abgelegenen ländlichen Orten vor allem in Utah und die Staatsanwaltschaften interessierten. In den USA wurde Polygamie strikt abgelehnt, besonders die damals neue Republikanische Partei bezeichnete Sklaverei und Mehrehe als „die beiden Relikte. Liebe und Sex in Amerika: Polygamie in Utah. In diesem Frühjahr flog der Autor Arnon Gruenberg in die USA, um dort zu recherchieren, wie. Ein Mann, vier Frauen Gericht kippt Polygamie-Urteil in Utah inspiriert Polygamisten · • Homo-Ehe in den USA: Die Liebe gewinnt · Spiele. Der Staat darf niemandem vorschreiben, in wessen oder wie viele Betten er springt: Das Polygamie-Verbot der USA ist teils verfassungswidrig.
Ein Mann, vier Frauen Gericht kippt Polygamie-Urteil in Utah inspiriert Polygamisten · • Homo-Ehe in den USA: Die Liebe gewinnt · Spiele. Utah hat die strengsten Polygamie-Gesetze in den USA. Anzeige. Die Familie hofft, dass das Urteil Bestand hat und anderen in Utah die. Polygamie ist in Deutschland und im westlich-europäischen Kulturraum verboten. Auch in Amerika ist das Konzept der Mehrfachehe nicht.
Polygamie Usa - Ein Mann, vier Frauen und die Suche nach FriedenDann gab es schottische und walisische Immigranten, die polygame Traditionen aus der Alten Welt mitbrachten. Rudge Clawson wurde im August inhaftiert, weil er mehrere gleichzeitige Ehen vor dem er Morrill-Act geschlossen hatte. Legal war die Polygamie in den Vereinigten Staaten nie. Das Thema wird gesellschaftlich kontrovers diskutiert und auch in Verbindung mit der Praxis des Brautpreises und der Ausbreitung sexuell übertragbarer Krankheiten gesetzt. Kategorien : Mormonentum Eheform. Und seine Frau Janelle. Utah hat die strengsten Polygamie-Gesetze in den USA. Anzeige. Die Familie hofft, dass das Urteil Bestand hat und anderen in Utah die. “ Die Polygamie hat in Amerika eine lange und wechselhafte Tradition. Es gab sie schon, bevor die Vereinigten Staaten gegründet wurden: Viele. Polygamie ist in Deutschland und im westlich-europäischen Kulturraum verboten. Auch in Amerika ist das Konzept der Mehrfachehe nicht.
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It is associated with partible paternity , the cultural belief that a child can have more than one father.
Non-fraternal polyandry occurs when the wives' husbands are unrelated, as among the Nayar tribe of India , where girls undergo a ritual marriage before puberty,  and the first husband is acknowledged as the father of all her children.
However, the woman may never cohabit with that man, taking multiple lovers instead; these men must acknowledge the paternity of their children and hence demonstrate that no caste prohibitions have been breached by paying the midwife.
The women remain in their maternal home, living with their brothers, and property is passed matrilineally. Serial monogamy refers to remarriage after divorce or death of a spouse from a monogamous marriage, i.
According to Danish scholar Miriam K. Zeitzen, anthropologists treat serial monogamy , in which divorce and remarriage occur, as a form of polygamy as it also can establish a series of households that may continue to be tied by shared paternity and shared income.
Serial monogamy creates a new kind of relative, the "ex-". Bob Simpson, the British social Anthropologist, notes that it creates an "extended family" by tying together a number of households, including mobile children.
According to him, these "unclear families" do not fit the mold of the monogamous nuclear family. Group marriage is a non-monogamous marriage -like arrangement where three or more adults live together, all considering themselves partners, sharing finances, children, and household responsibilities.
Polyamory is on a continuum of family-bonds that includes group marriage. Buddhism does not regard marriage as a sacrament - it is purely a secular affair, and normally Buddhist monks do not participate in it though in some sects priests and monks do marry.
Hence marriage receives no religious sanction. The Parabhava Sutta states that "a man who is not satisfied with one woman and seeks out other women is on the path to decline".
Other fragments in the Buddhist scripture seem to treat polygamy unfavorably, leading some authors to conclude that Buddhism generally does not approve of it  or alternatively regards it as a tolerated, but subordinate, marital model.
Thailand legally recognized polygamy until Myanmar outlawed polygyny from In Sri Lanka , polyandry was legal in the kingdom of Kandy, but outlawed by British after conquering the kingdom in Polyandry in Tibet was common traditionally, [ clarification needed ] as was polygyny, and having several wives or husbands was never regarded [ by whom?
Other forms of marriage are also present, like group marriage and monogamous marriage. Some pre-Christian Celtic pagans were known to practice polygamy, although the Celtic peoples wavered between it, monogamy and polyandry depending on the time period and area.
Polygamy is not forbidden in the Old Testament. Although the New Testament is largely silent on polygamy, some point to Jesus's repetition of the earlier scriptures, noting that a man and a wife "shall become one flesh".
For, as it is written, 'The two will become one flesh. Some Christian theologians argue that in Matthew and referring to Genesis Jesus explicitly states a man should have only one wife:.
Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female, And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh?
The Bible states in the New Testament that polygamy including adulterous relationships, as evident from verses condemning sexual immorality should not be practiced by certain church leaders.
Similar counsel is repeated in the first chapter of the Epistle to Titus. Periodically, Christian reform movements that have aimed at rebuilding Christian doctrine based on the Bible alone sola scriptura have at least temporarily accepted polygyny as a Biblical practice.
For example, during the Protestant Reformation , in a document referred to simply as "Der Beichtrat" or "The Confessional Advice" ,  Martin Luther granted the Landgrave Philip of Hesse , who, for many years, had been living "constantly in a state of adultery and fornication",  a dispensation to take a second wife.
The double marriage was to be done in secret, however, to avoid public scandal. In Sub-Saharan Africa , there has often been a tension between the Christian insistence on monogamy and traditional polygamy.
In some instances in recent times there have been moves for accommodation; in other instances, churches have resisted such moves strongly.
African Independent Churches have sometimes referred to those parts of the Old Testament that describe polygamy in defending the practice.
The Roman Catholic Church condemns polygamy; the Catechism of the Catholic Church lists it in paragraph under the head "Other offenses against the dignity of marriage" and states that it "is not in accord with the moral law.
Polygamy is contrary to conjugal love which is undivided and exclusive. Saint Augustine saw a conflict with Old Testament polygamy.
He refrained from judging the patriarchs, but did not deduce from their practice the ongoing acceptability of polygyny.
On the contrary, he argued that the polygamy of the Fathers, which was tolerated by the Creator because of fertility, was a diversion from His original plan for human marriage.
Augustine wrote: "That the good purpose of marriage, however, is better promoted by one husband with one wife, than by a husband with several wives, is shown plainly enough by the very first union of a married pair, which was made by the Divine Being Himself.
Augustine taught that the reason patriarchs had many wives was not because of fornication, but because they wanted more children.
He supported his premise by showing that their marriages, in which husband was the head, were arranged according to the rules of good management: those who are in command quae principantur in their society were always singular, while subordinates subiecta were multiple.
He gave two examples of such relationships: dominus-servus - master-servant in older translation: slave and God-soul.
The Bible often equates worshiping multiple gods, i. As tribal populations grew, fertility was no longer a valid justification of polygamy: it "was lawful among the ancient fathers: whether it be lawful now also, I would not hastily pronounce utrum et nunc fas sit, non temere dixerim.
For there is not now necessity of begetting children, as there then was, when, even when wives bear children, it was allowed, in order to a more numerous posterity, to marry other wives in addition, which now is certainly not lawful.
Augustine saw marriage as a covenant between one man and one woman, which may not be broken.
It was the Creator who established monogamy: "Therefore, the first natural bond of human society is man and wife.
And yet it is not allowed; and now indeed in our times, and after the usage of Rome nostris quidem iam temporibus ac more Romano , neither to marry in addition, so as to have more than one wife living.
But, that the laws of the Gentiles are otherwise, who is there that knows not. The Council of Trent condemns polygamy: "If any one saith, that it is lawful for Christians to have several wives at the same time, and that this is not prohibited by any divine law; let him be anathema..
In modern times a minority of Roman Catholic theologians have argued that polygamy, though not ideal, can be a legitimate form of Christian marriage in certain regions, in particular Africa.
The illegality of polygamy in certain areas creates, according to certain Bible passages, additional arguments against it. Paul the Apostle writes "submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment but also because of conscience" Romans , for "the authorities that exist have been established by God.
The Lutheran World Federation hosted a regional conference in Africa, in which the acceptance of polygamists into full membership by the Lutheran Church in Liberia was defended as being permissible.
The Lambeth Conference of the Anglican Communion ruled that polygamy was permissible in certain circumstances: . The Conference upholds monogamy as God's plan, as the idea of relationship of love between husband and wife; nevertheless recommends that a polygymaist who responds to the Gospel and wishes to join the Anglican Church may be baptized and confirmed with his believing wives and children on the following conditions:.
Latter Day Saints portal. In accordance with what Joseph Smith indicated was a revelation, the practice of plural marriage, the marriage of one man to two or more women, was instituted among members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the early s.
This scripture was used by John Taylor in to quash Mormon polygamy rumors in Liverpool, England. Kimball took multiple wives.
Mormon elders who publicly taught that all men were commanded to enter plural marriage were subject to harsh discipline.
After Joseph Smith was killed by a mob on 27 June , the main body of Latter Day Saints left Nauvoo and followed Brigham Young to Utah where the practice of plural marriage continued.
Additional sermons by top Mormon leaders on the virtues of polygamy followed. The key plank of the Republican Party 's platform was "to prohibit in the territories those twin relics of barbarism, polygamy and slavery".
The LDS Church believed that their religiously based practice of plural marriage was protected by the United States Constitution ,  however, the unanimous Supreme Court decision Reynolds v.
United States declared that polygamy was not protected by the Constitution, based on the longstanding legal principle that "laws are made for the government of actions, and while they cannot interfere with mere religious belief and opinions, they may with practices.
Increasingly harsh anti-polygamy legislation in the US led some Mormons to emigrate to Canada and Mexico. Anti-Mormon sentiment waned, as did opposition to statehood for Utah.
By the LDS Church excommunicated those who entered into, or performed, new plural marriages.
Even so, many plural husbands and wives continued to cohabit until their deaths in the s and s. Enforcement of the Manifesto caused various splinter groups to leave the LDS Church in order to continue the practice of plural marriage.
Polygamist churches of Mormon origin are often referred to as " Mormon fundamentalist " even though they are not a part of the LDS Church.
Such fundamentalists often use a purported revelation to John Taylor as the basis for their authority to continue the practice of plural marriage.
Buhman that the portions of Utah's anti-polygamy laws which prohibit multiple cohabitation were unconstitutional, but also allowed Utah to maintain its ban on multiple marriage licenses.
The Council of Friends also known as the Woolley Group and the Priesthood Council   was one of the original expressions of Mormon fundamentalism , having its origins in the teachings of Lorin C.
Woolley , a dairy farmer excommunicated from the LDS Church in For most of his career, Smith denied that his father had been involved in the practice and insisted that it had originated with Brigham Young.
Smith served many missions to the western United States, where he met with and interviewed associates and women claiming to be widows of his father, who attempted to present him with evidence to the contrary.
Smith typically responded to such accusations by saying that he was "not positive nor sure that [his father] was innocent",  and that if, indeed, the elder Smith had been involved, it was still a false practice.
However, many members of the Community of Christ and some of the groups that were formerly associated with it are not convinced that Joseph Smith practiced plural marriage and feel that the evidence that he did is flawed.
The Rig Veda mentions that during the Vedic period , a man could have more than one wife. The Dharmashastras permit a man to marry women of lower castes provided that the first wife was of equal caste.
Despite its existence, it was most usually practiced by men of higher castes and higher status. Common people were only allowed a second marriage if the first wife could not bear a son.
According to Vishnu Smriti , the number of wives is linked to the caste system:. This linkage of the number of permitted wives to the caste system is also supported by Baudhayana Dharmasutra and Paraskara Grihyasutra.
The Apastamba Dharmasutra and Manusmriti allow a second wife if the first one is unable to discharge her religious duties or is unable to bear a son.
For a Brahmana, only one wife could rank as the chief consort who performed the religious rites dharma-patni along with the husband.
The chief consort had to be of an equal caste. If a man married several women from the same caste, then eldest wife is the chief consort.
They were: Mahisi who was the chief consort, Parivrkti who had no son, Vaivata who is considered the favorite wife and the Palagali who was the daughter of the last of the court officials.
Traditional Hindu law allowed polygamy if the first wife could not bear a son. The Hindu Marriage Act was enacted in by the Indian Parliament and made polygamy illegal for everyone in India except for Muslims.
Prior to , polygamy was permitted for Hindus. Marriage laws in India are dependent upon the religion of the parties in question.
In Islamic marital jurisprudence , under reasonable and warranted conditions, a Muslim man may have more than one wife at the same time, up to a total of four.
Muslim women are not permitted to have more than one husband at the same time under any circumstances. Based on verse of Quran the ideal relationship is the comfort that a couple find in each other's embrace:.
And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your hearts : verily in that are Signs for those who reflect.
The polygyny that is allowed in the Quran is for special situations. There are strict requirements to marrying more than one woman, as the man must treat them equally financially and in terms of support given to each wife, according to Islamic law.
However, Islam advises monogamy for a man if he fears he can't deal justly with his wives. This is based on verse of Quran which says:.
If ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly with them , then only one, or one that your right hands possess, that will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.
Muslim women are not allowed to marry more than one husband at once. However, in the case of a divorce or their husbands' death they can remarry after the completion of Iddah , as divorce is legal in Islamic law.
A non-Muslim woman who flees from her non-Muslim husband and accepts Islam has the option to remarry without divorce from her previous husband, as her marriage with non-Muslim husband is Islamically dissolved on her fleeing.
The verse also emphasizes on transparency, mutual agreement and financial compensation as prerequisites for matrimonial relationship as opposed to prostitution; it says:.
Also prohibited are women already married, except those whom your right hands possess: Thus hath Allah ordained Prohibitions against you: Except for these, all others are lawful, provided ye seek them in marriage with gifts from your property,- desiring chastity, not lust, seeing that ye derive benefit from them, give them their dowers at least as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed, agree Mutually to vary it , there is no blame on you, and Allah is All-knowing, All-wise.
Muhammad was monogamously married to Khadija , his first wife, for 25 years, until she died. After her death, he married multiple women, mostly widows,  for social and political reasons.
The Qur'an does not give preference in marrying more than one wife. One reason cited for polygyny is that it allows a man to give financial protection to multiple women, who might otherwise not have any support e.
In such a case, the husband cannot marry another woman as long as he is married to his wife. Usually the wives have little to no contact with each other and lead separate, individual lives in their own houses, and sometimes in different cities, though they all share the same husband.
In most Muslim-majority countries, polygyny is legal with Kuwait being the only one where no restrictions are imposed on it. Countries that allow polygyny typically also require a man to obtain permission from his previous wives before marrying another, and require the man to prove that he can financially support multiple wives.
In Malaysia and Morocco , a man must justify taking an additional wife at a court hearing before he is allowed to do so.
The Torah contains a few specific regulations that apply to polygamy,  such as Exodus "If he take another wife for himself; her food, her clothing, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish".
The Torah may distinguish concubines and "sub-standard" wives with the prefix "to" e. Multiple marriage was considered a realistic alternative in the case of famine, widowhood, or female infertility  like in the practice of levirate marriage , wherein a man was required to marry and support his deceased brother's widow , as mandated by Deuteronomy — Despite its prevalence in the Hebrew Bible , scholars do not believe that polygyny was commonly practiced in the biblical era because it required a significant amount of wealth.
The monogamy of the Roman Empire was the cause of two explanatory notes in the writings of Josephus describing how the polygamous marriages of Herod the Great were permitted under Jewish custom.
The rabbinical era that began with the destruction of the second temple in Jerusalem in 70 CE saw a continuation of some degree of legal acceptance for polygamy.
In the Babylonian Talmud BT , Kiddushin 7a, its states, " Raba said: [If a man declares,] 'Be thou betrothed to half of me,' she is betrothed: 'half of thee be betrothed to me,' she is not betrothed.
Maimonides , in his Mishneh Torah maintained that polygamous unions were permissible from a legal point of view, which was contrary to his personal opinion.
The Mishneh Torah, while maintaining the right to multiple spouses, and the requirement to provide fully for each as indicated in previously cited sources, went further: "He may not, however, compel his wives to live in the same courtyard.
Instead, each one is entitled to her own household". The Shulchan Aruch builds on all of the previous works by adding further nuances: " And in a place where it is customary to marry only one wife, he is not permitted to take another wife on top of his present wife.
Most notable in the rabbinic period on the issue of polygamy, though more specifically for Ashkenazi Jews , was the synod of Rabbeinu Gershom.
About CE he called a synod which decided the following particulars: 1 prohibition of polygamy; 2 necessity of obtaining the consent of both parties to a divorce; 3 modification of the rules concerning those who became apostates under compulsion; 4 prohibition against opening correspondence addressed to another.
In the modern day, polygamy is almost nonexistent in Rabbinic Judaism. Israel prohibits polygamy by law. But Mizrahi Jews are not permitted to enter into new polygamous marriages in Israel.
However polygamy may still occur in non-European Jewish communities that exist in countries where it is not forbidden, such as Jewish communities in Iran and Morocco.
Among Karaite Jews , who do not adhere to rabbinic interpretations of the Torah, polygamy is almost non-existent today.
Like other Jews, Karaites interpret Leviticus to mean that a man can only take a second wife if his first wife gives her consent Keter Torah on Leviticus, pp.
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The new law represents a shift in how the state can prosecute polygamous marriages, whose roots in the region can be traced to tenets of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
In , the church formally abandoned the practice of marriage of more than one woman to the same man, and does not consider those who engage in polygamy to be members.
But plural marriages are still practiced by fundamentalist sects and groups that have splintered from the church. Over the years, cases in Utah have demonstrated that polygamists were less inclined to seek outside help over serious matters such as child abuse and domestic violence because they feared that they could be prosecuted as felons.
The Utah attorney general at the time, Mark Shurtleff, said he favored reducing the charge of bigamy to a misdemeanor from a felony to encourage people to provide information about serious crimes in polygamous families.
Warren S. Jeffs, the former professed prophet of a polygamous fundamentalist sect, was sentenced to life in prison in for the sexual assault of underage girls whom he took as his brides.
State Representative Jeffrey D.Die berühmteste Person der Polygamie im Islam ist sicherlich der ehemalige apologise, Beste Spielothek in Wolfersreut finden for König Abd al-Aziz ibn Saudder Schätzungen zufolge Frauen in seinem Harem gehabt haben soll, zu dem neben Ehefrauen auch Konkubinen, Töchter und Sklavinnen gezählt werden. Mit fünf verschiedenen Frauen hat er zwölf Kinder gezeugt. Jahrhundert: Diese Sekten erlauben die Mehrehe. Als ihre Vormunde konnten sie versucht sein, die Anvertrauten, ohne ein ausreichendes Brautgeld zu entrichten, zu heiraten, indem sie das Erbe für sich beanspruchten. Für die Fernsehshow haben sich die fünf nach Angaben von Janelle Brown, Kodys zweiter Frau, click at this page, um Vorurteile gegen polygame Familien auszuräumen. Herausgefordert von Brown, entschied dann im Dezember ein Bundesrichter, das Verbot gegen Polygamie sei in jetziger Form verfassungswidrig. Es spalteten sich fundamentalistische Gruppen ab, die bis heute an der Polygamie festhalten.